InnovAfrica has completed Work Package 1, an important component of the project, resulting into six deliverables. Household survey of over 3800 farmers in the six case countries (Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, South Africa and Tanzania) was conducted by case country partners and task leaders. The deliverables/reports will be revised and improved based on internal reviews and inputs from stakeholders’ comments from the 3rd consortium meeting held in Pretoria, South Africa (6-9 August 2018). The large data set collected in wp1 will also be used to prepare journal articles on gender, socio-economic status, food and nutrition security, access to market and credits, and adaptation strategies of small holder farmers to climate change.
The six deliverables submitted to EU are:
Deliverable No.: 1.1 Report on stakeholder knowledge and a comprehensive scientific review
Title: Sustainable Agricultural Intensification (SAI) systems, Extension and Advisory Services (EAS) and Innovative Institutional Approaches (IIA) promoted and implemented in past and present in Africa.
Objective: To analyze good practices and learning notes from the six case countries of InnovAfrica.
Overview: The report contains a comprehensive review of the literature on a range of SAI, IIA and EAS promoted and implemented in the six case study countries; Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania and South Africa. Selected innovations in technologies and extension approaches were analyzed and critically evaluated in terms of ecological, food and nutrition and socioeconomic impacts at smallholders’ level.
• Agriculture research should be demand-driven, consider needs and challenges of farmers and other value chain actors, contribute to the capacity building, and include nutrition, gender and environment as a cross-cutting issue.
• The outputs and recommendations from the report will complement the ongoing activities in the case countries in resolving the food and nutrition insecurity.
Deliverable No.: 1.2 Analytical report on the socio-economic analysis
Title: Socio-economic status of smallholder farmers’ livelihoods and food and nutrition security (FNS)
Objective: To understand the socio-economic profile of smallholder farmers in the project areas, assess their access to technologies and trading markets, barriers to adoption and evaluate the role of youth and women in the farming sector.
• This study has shown that socioeconomic factors such as age, education, sex, land size and access to credit influence farmers to take up sustainable agricultural innovations.
• Necessary innovative institutional, policy, extension and advisory services support should be improved to address the socio-economic constraints.
Deliverable No.: 1.3 Report on strategies for mainstreaming gender in addressing FNS and rural development in the Sub Saharan Africa
Title: Making innovations in agriculture suitable for uptake by women farmers in Africa.
Objective: To assess factors at the household level and beyond that enhance or hinder agricultural innovations from having a positive impact on gender mainstreaming in Africa and contribute to sustainable FNS.
• Gender mainstreaming is supported by policies and laws, but their implementation is weak
• Cultural values and discrimination in general workload against women participation in agriculture
• Women farmers do not have adequate access to production resources and agricultural services such as land, inputs, credit and extension as compared to men
• Women farmers in all six countries were found to take on heavier workloads and there is a need for equality in the division of labour between men and women as well as labour saving technologies in agriculture.
Deliverable No.: 1.4 SWOT analysis of SAIs and EASs
Title: An overview and SWOT analysis of sustainable agriculture intensification systems and agricultural extension systems
Objective: To identify and document relevant SAIs and EASs systems in the six case countries and analyse their strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT).
• The SWOT analysis of EASs in the six case countries reveals that each country has a comprehensive agricultural extension and advisory strategy which spells out the vision and mission, but implementation varies significantly among the countries. There is an increasing need to improve our resources and to focus on more innovative methods, instead of the tried and tested more traditional methods while addressing our target groups (these include women and youth).
• In most countries, entry of new ICT technologies, mobile phone-based services and the use of innovation systems approaches are opportunities that need to be explored to transform extension services for timely delivery of information.
Deliverable No.: 1.5 Technical briefs on key indicators
Title: Key baseline indicators
Objective: To establish a set of key indicators that can serve as the baseline for assessing impacts of the InnovAfrica project on ecology, food and nutritional quality and socio-economic conditions of smallholder farmers.
• Indicators should be SMART i.e. simple, measurable, achievable, realistic and trackable.
• The key baseline impact indicators for ecological factors sum up to 9, food and nutritional quality indicators sum up to 5, and the total indicators for socioeconomic impact are 13; their monitoring methods have been suggested.
• Local indicators and/or proxy indicators will be used, where possible.
Deliverable No.: 1.6 Establishment of interactive KIPUS knowledge platform established
Title: Farmers’ knowledge platform (FKP)
Objective: To bring together the information from field experiences, literature reviews related to sustainable agricultural intensification systems (SAIs), innovative institutional approaches (IIAs) and extension and advisory services (EASs) tested in InnovAfrica to be utilized by smallholder farmers and stakeholders involved in the transformation of African agriculture.
· Knowledge platform is accessible at http://kp-innovafrica.africabiosciences.org/
· Knowledge platform provides regular update and information on the knowledge resulting from the InnovAfrica activities.